NVM 50.02.006 Bernard 191 GR

Artikelnummer: 50.02.006

Bernard 191 GR

Bron : www.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bernard_190

(Note Redactie : de begeleidende tekst is in het Engels opgesteld, een Nederlandstalige versie was niet beschikbaar.)

The Bernard 190 or Bernard-Hubert 190 was a French airliner of 1928. It was a high-wing cantilever monoplane of conventional configuration, based on the Bernard 18. Compared with its predecessor, it kept the same basic design but featured redesigned tail surfaces, an enlarged cabin, and offered its flight crew a completely enclosed cockpit. Also like its predecessor, the basic airliner model provided the basis for a long-range aircraft to be used in record attempts, the 191GR (for Grand Raid).

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Operational history.

The eight 190Ts served CIDNA on various European routes, but the 190 is best remembered for the exploits of the three 191GRs. The first built was used by Louis Coudouret in an attempt to cross the North Atlantic in August 1928. This was unsuccessful when the aircraft first refused to leave the ground in Paris, and was later turned back by Spanish authorities unwilling to permit the flight. On July 7 the following year, Coudouret crashed the aircraft near AngoulÌÎåÈme and was killed. It had 20 seats. Production ceased in 1948.

The second example was used in the first successful French aerial crossing of the North Atlantic. Painted bright yellow and dubbed Oiseau Canari ("Canary Bird") it departed Old Orchard Beach, Maine on June 13, 1929 and piloted by Jean Assolant, RenÌÎå© LefÌÎåÂvre and Armand Lotti, it completed the crossing to Oyambre, near Comillas, Cantabria, Spain, in 29 hours 52 minutes, even with a stowaway (Arthur Schreiber) aboard. This aircraft is now preserved in the MusÌÎå©e de l'Air et de l'Espace.

The third 191GR was used by Antoine Paillard to set two world airspeed records, for 100 km with a 2,000 kg payload, and for 1,000 km with a 1,000 kg payload.

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Variants.

190T

Single-engined airliner, powered by a 358Ì´Ì_kW (480Ì´Ì_hp) Gnome et RhÌÎåÇne 9A (licence-built Bristol Jupiter) radial piston engine.

191GR

Record-breaking plane, powered by 447Ì´Ì_kW (599Ì´Ì_hp) Hispano-Suiza 12Lb piston engine. Three built as 191G.R. No.1, 191G.R. No.2 and 191G.R. No.3.

192T

Single mailplane example for AÌÎå©ropostale.

193T

Single-engined transport aircraft, powered by a 336Ì´Ì_kW (451Ì´Ì_hp) Lorraine 12Eb piston engine. Only one built.

197GR

Engine demonstrator commissioned by Lorraine-Dietrich. Lost off Rangoon 26 February 1929.

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Operators.

Ì´Ì_France

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Specifications (190T)

General characteristics

  • Crew: two
  • Capacity: eight passengers
  • Length: 12.58 m (41 ft 3 in)
  • Wingspan: 17.30 m (56 ft 9 in)
  • Height: 3.59 m (11 ft 9 in)
  • Wing area: 42.9 m2 (462 ft2)
  • Empty weight: 1,956 kg (4,312 lb)
  • Gross weight: 3,400 kg (7,496 lb)
  • Powerplant: 1 ÌÎÌÔ Gnome et RhÌÎåÇne-built Bristol Jupiter 9Ady radial, 358 kW (480 hp)

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 216 km/h (134 mph)
  • Range: 1,000 km (620 miles)
  • Service ceiling: 3,700 m (12,140 ft)

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Specificaties Modelbouwtekening :

Tekeningnummer

50.02.006

Auteur

A.B. Smits

Omschrijving

Bernard 191 GR

Kwaliteit

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Gewicht in gram

45

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